Kevine Otieno's articles

HTST, LTLT, and UHT Pasteurization & Effects on Milk Curdling
HTST, LTLT, and UHT Pasteurization & Effects on Milk Curdling
HTST, LTLT, and UHT Pasteurization & Effects on Milk Curdling
The enzyme is more resistant to heat treatment than all pathogenic microorganisms found in milk. If the heat treatment is sufficient to denature this enzyme, it is a confirmation that all the pathogenic microor...
Agroprocessing
Factors to Consider When Choosing a Food Packaging Material
Factors to Consider When Choosing a Food Packaging Material
Factors to Consider When Choosing a Food Packaging Material
More technologically advanced packaging materials are still being developed. Nanocomposites and intelligent packaging solutions have been pr...
Quality Management
Milk Testing Equipment for Rapid Quality Assurance of Dairy Products
Milk Testing Equipment for Rapid Quality Assurance of Dairy Products
Milk Testing Equipment for Rapid Quality Assurance of Dairy Products
In case you are taking the lactometer reading at temperatures other than calibration temperature, use the correction factor to get the corre...
Tools & Equipment
Bacterial Zoonoses: Classification, Diagnosis and Control
Bacterial Zoonoses: Classification, Diagnosis and Control
Bacterial Zoonoses: Classification, Diagnosis and Control
Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases that are naturally transmitted between humans and animals. They can be transmitted by bacteria, fu...
Diseases & Health
Protein Content Determination: Kjeldahl Process
Protein Content Determination: Kjeldahl Process
Protein Content Determination: Kjeldahl Process
You can apply this process on a large variety of foods to determine the nitrogen content, which you then translate as a protein content usin...
Quality Management
Animal Diseases & Zoonoses: Diagnosis, Treatment And Control
Animal Diseases & Zoonoses: Diagnosis, Treatment And Control
Animal Diseases & Zoonoses: Diagnosis, Treatment And Control
Tachycardia is marked increase in pulse rate e.g. during septicaemia or toxaemia. It could also happen during circulatory failure, extreme p...
Animal Welfare
Methods of Butterfat Testing & Indices Used to Score Fats
Methods of Butterfat Testing & Indices Used to Score Fats
Methods of Butterfat Testing & Indices Used to Score Fats
Butter fat testing using Gerber method is one of the many quality assurance test procedures carried out in milk. It is a simpler modificatio...
Quality Management
What to Consider When Buying the Best Portable Milking Machine
What to Consider When Buying the Best Portable Milking Machine
What to Consider When Buying the Best Portable Milking Machine
Machine milking has many advantages for the farmer including reducing the amount of labor required for hand milking. It cuts down the costs ...
Tools & Equipment
Diagnosis, Treatment & Control of Common Food-borne Diseases
Diagnosis, Treatment & Control of Common Food-borne Diseases
Diagnosis, Treatment & Control of Common Food-borne Diseases
Highly acidic/spiced/fermented foods or foods with low protein needs delicate handling. Such food may already be spoilt but you will fail to...
Diseases & Health
Fungal Intoxication in Food: Mycotoxin (Aflatoxin) Poisoning
Fungal Intoxication in Food: Mycotoxin (Aflatoxin) Poisoning
Fungal Intoxication in Food: Mycotoxin (Aflatoxin) Poisoning
The most vulnerable species are all animals with pets taking the heaviest blow due to their small sized bodies. They catch the poison from c...
Diseases & Health
Best Quality Cheese Cloth, Its Alternative Uses and Available Alternatives
Best Quality Cheese Cloth, Its Alternative Uses and Available Alternatives
Best Quality Cheese Cloth, Its Alternative Uses and Available Alternatives
The gauzy cloth comes in different microns and is usually made of cotton fiber. Grades vary from open (grade 10) to very fine textured chees...
Agroprocessing
Standardizing Chemicals for Dairy Quality Assurance Tests
Standardizing Chemicals for Dairy Quality Assurance Tests
Standardizing Chemicals for Dairy Quality Assurance Tests
Various chemicals and reagents are involved in the quality assurance tests carried out on milk. We will look at the reagents needed for the ...
Quality Management
Microbiological Testing Procedures in Dairy Quality Assurance
Microbiological Testing Procedures in Dairy Quality Assurance
Microbiological Testing Procedures in Dairy Quality Assurance
It is important to conduct a series of microbiological testing procedures on dairy products to ensure that the final product meets the requi...
Quality Management
Waste Water and Processing Water Analysis
Waste Water and Processing Water Analysis
Waste Water and Processing Water Analysis
Chlorine added into water reacts first with hydrogen sulphide and the organic matter up to the break-point level, what remains is therefore ...
Quality Management
Brachiaria Grass Promises To Increases Milk Production By 40%
Brachiaria Grass Promises To Increases Milk Production By 40%
Brachiaria Grass Promises To Increases Milk Production By 40%
With average digestibility of 70%, this grass has better returns for the farmer given the time it takes to maturity and the inputs required ...
Feeding & Nutrition
Best Calf Management Practices From Birth To Weaning
Best Calf Management Practices From Birth To Weaning
Best Calf Management Practices From Birth To Weaning
As a farmer, there are going to be instances where you have to raise an orphaned calf. This could be due to post-parturition death of the mo...
Animal Welfare
Bacterial Spoilage in Milk: Proteolysis, Gas Production And Ropiness
Bacterial Spoilage in Milk: Proteolysis, Gas Production And Ropiness
Bacterial Spoilage in Milk: Proteolysis, Gas Production And Ropiness
Proteolysis by the endo-enzymes after bacterial autolysis is slow and insignificant in milk. However, when long time is allowed for the proc...
Quality Management
Ice Cream Business Plan: Starting A Fail-Proof Business
Ice Cream Business Plan: Starting A Fail-Proof Business
Ice Cream Business Plan: Starting A Fail-Proof Business
Before opening up your shop, do your research and know if there is adequate demand to sustain your business. Ask around and see how people r...
Agribusiness
Mastitis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Mastitis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Mastitis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Mastitis in cows is manifested as the inflammation of the cow's mammary gland and udder tissue. This disease/condition is a major endemic di...
Diseases & Health
Milk Fever: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Milk Fever: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Milk Fever: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures
Supplement vitamin D intake for all the lactating animals. Peg the supplementation to 50,000 units per head per day for all the cows. This w...
Diseases & Health
Ice Cream Plant Sanitation & Quality Control Parameters
Ice Cream Plant Sanitation & Quality Control Parameters
Ice Cream Plant Sanitation & Quality Control Parameters
The equipment can be scrapped using an abrasive material or a detergent under high pressure can be used. Soap use is discouraged as it is ve...
Quality Management
Starter Cultures, Culture Media Preparation & Effect of Growth Inhibitors
Starter Cultures, Culture Media Preparation & Effect of Growth Inhibitors
Starter Cultures, Culture Media Preparation & Effect of Growth Inhibitors
Agar imparts unique physical characteristics to the culture media, which makes it suitable for its purpose. For instance, agar enables the m...
Quality Management
Microbiology of Starter Cultures: Why Bacteria Matter
Microbiology of Starter Cultures: Why Bacteria Matter
Microbiology of Starter Cultures: Why Bacteria Matter
By far the most important group is the bacteria, mostly the lactic acid bacteria (LABs) e.g. Streptococcus, Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus. T...
Quality Management
Lactose Intolerance & How to Determine Lactose Content in Milk & Milk Products
Lactose Intolerance & How to Determine Lactose Content in Milk & Milk Products
Lactose Intolerance & How to Determine Lactose Content in Milk & Milk Products
The problem of lacatse enzyme deficiency is referred to as hypolactasia. This is when the body cannot produce enough lactase enzyme to diges...
Quality Management
Total Quality Management (TQM): Principles, Tools & Shortfalls
Total Quality Management (TQM): Principles, Tools & Shortfalls
Total Quality Management (TQM): Principles, Tools & Shortfalls
This principle is named after Wilfredo Pareto who developed the 80/20 rule, which states that 80% output is directly attributed to 20% input...
Quality Management
Decision Making Techniques: Their Advantages & Disadvantages
Decision Making Techniques: Their Advantages & Disadvantages
Decision Making Techniques: Their Advantages & Disadvantages
This technique is quite useful among large groups that want to make decision quickly (e.g. by use of vote) but want to consider everyone’s o...
Agribusiness
General Cheese Making Process & Types of Cheese
General Cheese Making Process & Types of Cheese
General Cheese Making Process & Types of Cheese
Ensure you use only good quality raw milk. You should check for inhibitory substances, standardization efficiency and protein thermal stabil...
Agroprocessing
Pearson's Square & Mass Balancing Methods of Standardization
Pearson's Square & Mass Balancing Methods of Standardization
Pearson's Square & Mass Balancing Methods of Standardization
Milk standardization is important in the dairy industry because it is used to ensure that every consumer gets milk with constant fat content...
Quality Management
Mass Balance Equations for Standardizing Milk and Juice Concentrates
Mass Balance Equations for Standardizing Milk and Juice Concentrates
Mass Balance Equations for Standardizing Milk and Juice Concentrates
Flavors in foods are as a result of volatile compounds, which are mostly lost during the evaporation process. The loss in these volatile com...
Quality Management
The Ice Cream Overrun & 6 Other Active Ice Cream Ingredients
The Ice Cream Overrun & 6 Other Active Ice Cream Ingredients
The Ice Cream Overrun & 6 Other Active Ice Cream Ingredients
A standard ice cream consists of 10% butterfat, 11% MSNF, <14% sugar, <0.4% emulsifier and stabilizer, 64.6% water, and a maximum of 1...
Agroprocessing
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